Jominy end

The next step was to remove 0. Also available QT portable water quench system with agitator pump, but no thermostat.

Conversion charts are available to relate the different hardness scales [4,5] if necessary, but care should be taken to use the correct charts for steel. Based on the experiment, does the hardness of the martensite phase change with steel composition, or is the hardness value a constant.

On the other hand, it Jominy end that hard and brittle material may inadvertently be produced in finished artefacts, notably as a result of welding operations. A standardised bar, Based on the hardenability curves, what would be a good use for these materials.

Fine carbides such as Mo2C then precipitate at the expense of cementite and lead to secondary hardening. The comparison method entails taking a photomicrograph and simply eyeballing it and comparing it to standard grain size photos in ASTM Jominy end To find the correct temperature the weight percentage of carbon needs to be known.

It did not register that the bars were not the bright red color they were supposed to be when it was removed from the furnace.

TTT diagram for steel In this project, quenching is used to cool the part and just as important to stop the grain growth process. The samples have to be prepared, this entails grinding and polishing.

Metallographic Equipments

It is more common to control hardenability with other elements, and to use carbon levels of less than 0. When cold, the specimen is sectioned and hardness measurements are made at intervals along its length. It made sense to use thermocouple wire.

The sample is then cooled for 15 minutes with running water while another sample will be placed into the oven. Be sure to note what identification number is stamped on the end of each of the end quench samples.

A typical hardness profile in a Jominy specimen schematic diagram. Subsequent to cooling a flat surface is ground on the test piece and the hardenability is then found by measuring the hardness along the bar.

Jominy End-Quench Test for Hardenability of Steel | Metallurgy

The geometry of the part also affects the cooling rate: Begin by reviewing Figure Pg. This is when the sample is held at a given temperature for a given time. The wire was wrapped around the screw that came out of the top of the bar.

Approximate weight lbs.


The specimen is inserted at the top, above a jet of water. Bhadeshia A heat treatment that causes steel to harden is so much more than the meer plunging of Jominy end metal into a fluid that is often a liquid.

The cooling curves at the surface and core of a large oil-quenched component are shown. A wide variety of cooling rates and corresponding hardness data are revealed in a single and spectacular test.

A constant cooling rate therefore plots as having a continuously increasing gradient. The quench and temper heat treatment uses this phase transformation to harden steels.

This relationship is an expansion of the Jominy End Quench test and has not yet been defined which is the scope of this paper. This would severely alter the results of the test. Samborsky, Daniel MS, P. This article considers the basic ideas of hardenability, and the Jominy test.

If austenitizing of steel is performed correctly, the transformation to the hard martensite phase is controlled mainly by carbon and alloy content along with quench rate.

This gave the clearance from the water spout needed to properly quench the bar. At higher carbon levels, however, the critical temperature for the formation of martensite is depressed to lower temperatures.

Notwithstanding it happened on a second separate occasion until it was realized something was obviously wrong.


The way to perform this test is by overlaying three lines across a picture. This International Standard specifies a method for determining the hardenability of steel by end quenching (Jominy test) by using a test piece 25 mm in diameter and mm long. NOTE By agreement and for a defined field of application, the test described in this International Standard may be replaced by the calculation of the Jominy curve in accordance with an accepted mathematical model (see annex C).


The hardenability of a metal alloy is the depth to which a material is hardened after putting it through a heat treatment process. The unit of hardenability is length. The unit of hardenability is length.

The Jominy End Quench specimen was prepared from rolled plate as per ASTM The specimen was placed in a Carbolite air-recirculating furnace and allowed to soak for 2 hours. the Jominy end-quench test according to the ASTM-A standard () [33] (for future reference in this paper, the surface in contact with water jet will be called WJ).

Jominy End Quench Apparatus

standard Jominy end-quench hardenability test specimens was found to correlate very well with Rockwell C hardness scans, indicating a potentially practical method for.

ME – Spring ME Mechanical Engineering Laboratory III Experiment #5: Heat Treatment of Steel – The Jominy Bar Purpose The purpose of this exercise is to examine the effects of heat treatment on the hardenability.

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