Each of these explanations was paired with one of two fictitious patient case vignettes describing symptoms of a given disorder; the pairings were counterbalanced across participants.
The study cannot say whether clinicians facing patients with real problems would react the same way. However, it's thought that geneticsbrain chemistry and life experiences may all play a part in these type of phobias.
The brain can influence many types of behavior. The doctor, psychiatrist, or psychologist may recommend behavioral therapy, medications, or a combination of both. Behavioral therapy There are a number of therapeutic options for treating a phobia.
An alternative view is offered by the social navigation theory, this theory suggest that depression offers a prolonged period of time for individuals or groups to think about their problems and come up with better solutions than they might previously have.
The correlation figures below represent the average degree of similarity between the two people the higher the similarity, the more similar the IQ scores.
Self-help A phobia can develop during childhood, adolescence or early adulthood. He was not involved in the current study. The nervous system which includes the brain ; 2. Even more sophisticated is the PET scan Positron Emission Tomography which uses a radioactive marker as a way of studying the brain at work.
This can make coping easier. These results are consistent with other research and theory that has suggested that biological accounts of psychopathology can exacerbate perceptions of patients as abnormal, distinct from the rest of the population, meriting social exclusion, and even less than fully human.
Antidepressants Anxiety disorders afflict approximately 40 million American adults each year, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. This can be a criticism as both Nature and Nurture are said to be important to explaining Phobic disorders.
Other factors in the family environment, such as having parents who are particularly anxious, may also affect the way you deal with anxiety later in life. Sometimes people say they think they were born with depression or have always felt sad since they were young.
Moreover, chronic negative reactions to stress may actually lead to further changes in brain chemistry.
You may recall that normal anxiety is distinguished from pathological anxiety by the intensity, frequency, and duration of symptoms. Research using twin studies looks for the degree of concordance or similarity between identical and fraternal i. These explanations may offer an answer to that statement in that depression may be explained by: Additionally, if the behavior of people with psychiatric disorders is seen as deterministically governed by biological abnormalities outside of their control, they may be seen as unpredictable, contributing to perceptions of them as dangerous, fearsome, and meriting avoidance 2224Rather than discourage them, it serves to motivate them to study more for their next exam.
Given the link between negative attitudes and decreased empathy, it is unsurprising that many of the factors undergirding the link between biological conceptions of psychopathology and negative attitudes toward their sufferers—e.
Fight-or-Flight Response The amygdala, a small almond-shaped gland in the brain, seems to play a crucial role in anxiety, according to the Office of the Surgeon General.
If one parent has bipolar disorder, there is a 10 to 15 percent greater chance of their child developing this condition. There are two types of twins:. Figuring out phobia.
Researchers are using neuroimaging techniques to delve into the neurobiological underpinnings of phobias, with a view to improving treatments. Describe and evaluate biological explanations of OCD (10 marks) The biological approach as an explanation of OCD believes that the disorder is caused by a fault in our body, either through genes, hormones, the brain, or neurotransmitters, therefore suggesting that OCD is caused by our nature, rather than our upbringing.
Estimates of genetic contributions to specific phobia range from roughly 25 to 65 percent, although we do not know which genes have a leading part.
No specific phobia gene has been identified, and. As mentioned, biological factors (or vulnerabilities) usually have to be in place for an anxiety disorder to manifest. Because of advancements in genetic research, we now know that many diseases and disorders have a genetic component.
Biological acquisition of phobia has not been fully proved by researchers whether there is a specific genetic trait which causes phobia (Heimberg, ). In addition, form the research that have been previously conducted, it has been noted that different types of phobias stem from different causes which is best explained using the three types.
Dec 16, · Mental disorders are increasingly understood biologically. We tested the effects of biological explanations among mental health clinicians, specifically examining their empathy toward patients. Conventional wisdom suggests that biological explanations reduce perceived blameworthiness against those.Biological explanations of phobia genetic